By Barry Coward
Protecting the interval from the accession of James I to the dying of Queen Anne, this significant other offers a magisterial review of the ‘long' 17th century in British background. contains unique contributions via prime students of the interval supplies a magisterial review of the ‘long' 17th century presents a serious connection with ancient debates approximately Stuart Britain deals new insights into the most important political, non secular and fiscal alterations that happened in this interval contains bibliographical information for college kids and students
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Extra resources for A Companion to Stuart Britain (Blackwell Companions to British History)
The emergence of the New Model Army in England had not only marked a shift away from reliance on provincial forces,but also constituted a key moment in the establishment ofan assertive English national consciousness (Wheeler 1999: 1 9 1 - 7 ) . This sense of identity was enhanced through the conquest of Ireland and Scotland, conquests necessitated by the refusal ofboth kingdoms to accept the accomplishment of an English republic through regicide. Whereas the Irish were viewed as uncivilized and deluded,the Scots were chided as misled,even false,brethren who had strayed from the path of godliness.
The Irish joined in this controversy. Roderic O'Flaherty,a dispossessed landowner,rebutted the Scottish interpretation of classical Irish sources and argued that Ireland,no less than Scotland,should be an independent kingdom in the Stuarts' empire of the British Isles (Ferguson 1998: 1 4 4 - 7 2 ) . Unfortunately,James continued to view Ireland as a political dependency despite his wholesale reliance on Catholic Ireland's support in his struggle against William ofOrange from 1688 to 1691. As duke of York,James had played a key public role in upholding a Britannic perspective.
British union was endorsed with varying degrees of enthusiasm by the Protestant episcopate in the multiple kingdoms (Jenkins 1995: 1 1 5 - 3 8 ) . James Thornborough, bishop of Bristol,viewed the providential reunification of the British Empire under a godly monarch as an occasion of great happiness that would be perfected by the eventual merging of the constituent identities of England and Scotland into a composite British nation. Confidence in the ultimate victory of the godly over Antichrist,which inspired Calvinists throughout Britain,stood in marked contrast to Protestant perceptions in Ireland,that in the last few days Antichrist was at its strongest and the godly were threatened with their greatest sufferings and persecution (Ford 1987: 1 9 4 - 2 4 2 ) .