By Carol Genetti
A Grammar of Dolakha Newar is the 1st absolutely finished reference grammar of a Newar kind. Dolakha Newar is of specific curiosity because it is member of the at the same time unintelligible japanese department of the kinfolk, so allows an incredible comparative point of view in this major Tibeto-Burman language. as well as a bankruptcy on phonetics and phonology, the e-book incorporates a separate bankruptcy on prosody. There also are targeted chapters on every one observe category, with complete dialogue of the morphological and syntactic homes of every type. The publication offers an intensive learn of syntax, together with whole chapters on buildings, clause constitution, constituent order, grammatical relatives, nominalization, complementation, the participial development, and the complicated sentence, in addition to a close bankruptcy on stressful and element. Brimming with examples from typical discourse, the publication rigorous description of the language's buildings with complete dialogue of the way the constructions are utilized in attached speech. each one research is gifted with complete argumentation and competing analyses are contrasted and mentioned. the result's a wealthy, readable, and wonderfully argued portrait of a language and the way it really works.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Dolakha Newar
9 ); 100 = 1 (mod. 9 ); 1000 = 1 (mod. 9 ); ___ Hence, the given number is congruent to a + b + c + d + . . (mod. 9). Thus, 275 = 5 + 7 + 2 = 14 == 5 (m od. 9). It follows from these considerations that an integer, written in the decimal system, yields the same remainder when divided b y 9 as does the sum of its digits. In particular, a number is divisible b y 9 if, and only if, the sum of its digits is also divisible b y 9. Hence, if we m ultiply two large numbers and obtain a product P whose correct ness is in doubt, we may em ploy the following check: Instead of mul tiplying the original numbers, we m ultiply the sums of their digits; the product of these two sums must be congruent (mod.
If the sums in question exceed 9, we m ay in their stead take the sums of their digits, that is, the sums of the digits of the sums of the digits. Exam ple: 7744-88 = 681472. Check: The sum of the digits of 7744 is 22; the sum of the digits of 22 is 4. The sum of the digits of 88 is 16, whose digits in turn add up to 7. The sum of the digits of 681472 is 28. 19 W hat we have here said regarding 9 is true of 3 as well, for 10 is also congruent to 1 modulo 3. This check, however, is not as powerful since, even if our calculations were false, there would still be a prob ability of 1 /3 that the wrong result is congruent to the correct one modulo 3, while in the case of 9 the probability is only 1/9.
The first problem is fairly simple. It is evident that we can decom pose any natural number n into prime factors. For, b y a lim ited num ber of trials, we m ay ascertain whether among the natural numbers smaller than n there are such as divide n\ if there is no such number, n is prime, and the desired factorization is sim ply n = n. If n has at least one proper divisor ni such that n = n\-n2 (« i and n% differing from 1, hence also from n ) 2 we m ay repeat the attem pt at factorizing with respect to ni and n2.