By Enlli Mon Thomas, Ineke Mennen
This ebook offers a latest method of the research of bilingualism. Drawing on contributions from top specialists within the box, this publication brings jointly - in one quantity - a variety of the intriguing paintings performed as a part of the programme of the ESRC Centre for study on Bilingualism in idea and perform at Bangor collage, Wales.
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Extra info for Advances in the Study of Bilingualism
Note that in older children, /xw/ was reduced to [x] in conformity with the SSP. Finally, /gwn/ was mostly realised as [n], although retention of the stop would have yielded a greater rise in sonority. However, in conversational Welsh, [n] is a common realisation, for example, gwneud as [neɪd]. Consequently, the children’s reduction pattern may be a truthful reflection of the input they received. The substitution patterns also provided evidence for language-specific differences in the realisation of clusters shared by Welsh and English.
Likewise, /ʃr/ was acquired by 4;6 by the English-dominant children, but acquisition was not maintained thereafter. , 1990; Templin, 1957) and may arise from reorganisation of the children’s phonological systems (Ingram, 1989). Alternatively, the patterns observed here may be a manifestation of individual variation in the cross-sectional sample of this study. Rate of acquisition No previous data on Welsh cluster acquisition are available. , 1990; Templin, 1957), the bilingual children in the present study exhibited a considerably faster rate of acquisition.
Some languages, such as Greek (Mennen & Okalidou, 2007), have a large cluster inventory. Cantonese, on the other hand, only has two consonant clusters, that is, word-initial /kw/ and /kʰw/ (So & Dodd, 1995). Sometimes a distinction is made between tautosyllabic clusters, that is, clusters occurring within the same syllable, and heterosyllabic clusters, that is, clusters occurring across syllable boundaries, as in dolphin (Barlow, 2003). Furthermore, clusters may be the result of schwadeletion, for example, police as [plis], suppose as [spəʊz] (Heselwood, 2008).