By Michael D. Swaine
The emergence of the People's Republic of China at the international scene constitutes the main major occasion in international politics because the finish of worldwide warfare II. because the global s essential political, monetary, and armed forces energy, the U.S. faces a very major problem in responding to China's emerging strength and impression, in particular in Asia. supplying a clean point of view on present and destiny U.S. coverage towards China, Michael Swaine examines the fundamental pursuits and ideology in the back of U.S.-China kinfolk, contemporary U.S. and chinese language coverage practices in seven key components, and destiny developments probably to impact U.S. coverage. American leaders, he concludes, needs to reexamine sure simple assumptions and techniques relating to America's place within the Western Pacific, combine China coverage extra successfully right into a broader Asian process, and recalibrate the U.S. stability among cooperative engagement and deterrence towards Beijing.
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Extra info for America's Challenge: Engaging a Rising China in the Twenty-First Century
Policy toward China has proven broadly successful, it has thus far failed to resolve or even ameliorate most problems, which could potentially result in a vicious circle of protectionism and economic nationalism. For the United States, the most important steps toward preventing this include efforts to strengthen its economy, reach free trade agreements with Asian nations (starting with ratiﬁcation of the Korea–United States agreement), and seek broader multilateral cooperation on issues such as currency valuation and trade disputes.
S. economy continues to stagnate, America’s relative military position could diminish notably in the Western Paciﬁc, in perception if not in reality. Such a dynamic could unnerve both friends and allies. S. ofﬁcials to assert the need for the United States to maintain clear predominance over Beijing at whatever cost. S. military capabilities on issues such as Taiwan. Instead, Washington should undertake greater efforts to strengthen its military relationship with China, push back against hawkish voices in the defense community, and seek to enhance strategic dialogues at both the bilateral and multilateral level.
Policy decisions regarding China (and particularly those formulated within individual agencies) are made with little if any conscious reference to larger strategic assumptions or beliefs, beyond a general desire to “engage” Beijing on the speciﬁc issue in question. S. S. S. S. policymakers. These notions are usually most clearly reﬂected in both the overall approach adopted toward China (for example, in the relative emphasis placed on cooperative engagement and deterrence- or shaping-oriented hedging) and in the basic tenets guiding the seven policy areas addressed in this study.