By Aldous Huxley (editor)
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Extra info for An Encyclopædia of Pacifism
The distributive societies have formed themselves into Federations for national purposes, with thoroughly democratic constitutions. On the trading and manufacturing side, the most important are the English, Scottish and Irish Co-operative Wholesale Societies. Their trade amounted in 1935 to nearly £ I I 7! millions. S. also carries on Banking and Insurance at its headquarters in Manchester, the Mecca of Cooperators from all over the world. Its soap production makes a breach in the Soap Monopoly.
A pacifism which consists in preserving the status qU(), in "holding what we have," is not calculated to inspire much respect. "The implication is that England and America are the only two solvent nations in the Western world and that, since they have what they want and need, it is in their interest to preach peace (from A Critique ()f Pacifism, by Reinhold Niebuhr). A policy of free trade on the part of the Haves can do something to mitigate the resentment of the Havenots. Mr. Ramsay Muir has pointed out that "between 1850 and 1900 the whole of Africa was partitioned and we got the lion's share.
Wars are fought in order that the victor may have a better strategic position during future wars. ") 58 In some cases individuals fight in self-defence against a bully or a criminal. This fact provides the militarist with a favourite argument. " The analogy is entirely false. The individual policeman arrests one man-the man who is guilty. The national policeman (represented by an army, navy and air force) uses all the means at his disposal-and these means are now diabolically effective-not to arrest one guilty person, but to destroy, maim, starve and ruin millions of men, women and children, the overwhelming majority of whom have committed no crime of any sort.