By Nicoline Wrisberg, Helias A. Udo de Haes, Ursula Triebswetter, Peter Eder, R. Clift
The target of this publication is to hyperlink call for and provide of environmental info within the box of existence Cycle administration. The ebook is predicated at the result of the CHAINET concerted motion financed by means of EU-DGXII for the paintings interval 1998-2000, and is meant to construct bridges among different clinical groups within the box of lifestyles Cycle administration. A dependent procedure is undefined, which means that either call for and provide of environmental info are characterized, and then the 2 are linked.
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Extra info for Analytical Tools for Environmental Design and Management in a Systems Perspective: The Combined Use of Analytical Tools
The temporal characteristics first of all concern the distinction between a descriptive and a change-oriented analysis. A descriptive analysis aims at a description of background processes in the past, in the present, or in the future in the form of an extension of trends. A change-oriented analysis aims at an assessment of changes due to a given decision. For the latter a further distinction may be made between a short-term or long-term time perspective. The first corresponds to operational decisions and the latter corresponds to strategic decisions.
7 Aspiration of decision-maker Firms may respond in different ways to the various drivers. Gameson (1998) differentiates between three generations of environmental strategies in the private sector. Firstly, there are companies which do not go beyond a compliance strategy, the defensive followers. Market-driven companies focused on stakeholder management are likely to be involved in continuous improvement measures, and integrate environmental issues to a certain extent up to incremental product development: the continuous improvers.
Hence, EIA is often seen as a location-specific environmental evaluation tool. However, it has to be noted that EIA (like Technology Assessment) is rather a procedure to compare the environmental effects of alternatives in which tools are applied, and not a tool in itself. Depending on the type of decision subject to EIA at stake, different environmental evaluation tools (SFA, LeA, RA) can have a role. Decisions subject to ErA are usually grouped to three categories. , waste management and electricity generation • project EIAs, usually about single facilities • location EIAs, concerning location choices of facilities or trajectories of roads, railways, etc.