Download e-book for kindle: Anglesey: The Concise History (University of Wales Press - by David A. Pretty

By David A. Pretty

This quantity lines the island's wealthy historical past because the final stronghold of the druids, via its strategic importance through the Edwardian conquest in medieval occasions, Telford's significant fulfillment in development the Menai Suspension Bridge, to the cultural and linguistic demanding situations of the past due 20th century. the idea that of ‘love of one’s quarter’ has consistently had a distinct resonance for the folks of Wales. It has encouraged poets, writers and historians throughout the centuries and it has enriched our appreciation and figuring out of the vibrant variety of our neighborhood and neighborhood tradition and history. the writer has an intimate wisdom of the sector and has the facility to interpret and speak that wisdom in a full of life and concise variety to scholars, students and travelers alike.

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Extra resources for Anglesey: The Concise History (University of Wales Press - Histories of Wales)

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By the twelfth century their subdivision into six cymydau (commotes) produced, respectively, Llifon and Malltraeth; Talybolion and Twrcelyn; Dindaethwy and Menai. Within each commote the prince maintained a maerdref (royal manor) as administrative centre, five of which are known: Aberffraw, Cemais, Penrhosllugwy, Llan-faes and Rhosyr. Each had its own timber-framed hall and associated buildings; recent excavations near Newborough have revealed a substantial royal complex at Llys Rhosyr. In the interests of good government the royal court was itinerant.

Already, he had commissioned the last of his great fortresses. Beaumaris castle was built to keep Anglesey pacified and bolster permanent English rule. Accessible from the sea, it would dominate the northern approaches to the Menai Straits. On a flat marshland site (the name is derived from the French beau marais, or beautiful marsh) close to Llan-faes, Master James of St George, the king’s architect, put his genius to work when he designed the perfect concentric castle. Around 400 stonemasons and 2,000 labourers drawn from various English counties were employed in its construction, using stone quarried at Penmon and Benllech.

Deteriorating relations between the king and duke Richard led to open conflict in 1455. During the years of war the garrison at Beaumaris castle was reinforced, but for the most part the main battleground would be the Welsh borderland. What remained of the Tudor family in Anglesey allowed events to pass them by. Tudur Fychan, the son of Morfudd and Gwilym ap Gruffydd ap Gwilym, who eventually took over Penmynydd after the latter’s death, evinced no interest in the feud between the Lancastrians and Yorkists; unlike his uncle, Owain ap Maredudd ap Tudur, now plain Owen Tudor, whose allegiance to the Lancastrian cause through marriage to the widow of Henry V led to his execution in 1461.

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