Download e-book for iPad: Ape (Animal) by John Sorenson

By John Sorenson

Apes—to examine them is to determine a replicate of ourselves. Our shut genetic kin fascinate and unnerve us with their comparable habit and social character. right here, John Sorenson delves into our conflicted courting to the nice apes, which frequently finds as a lot approximately us as people because it does concerning the apes themselves.

From bonobos and chimpanzees to gibbons, gorillas, and orangutans, Ape examines the numerous methods those awesome animals frequently function versions for people. Anthropologists use their habit to assist clarify our basic human nature; scientists make the most of them as topics in biomedical learn; and behavioral researchers scan with methods apes emulate us. Sorenson explores the demanding situations to the advanced department among apes and ourselves, describing language experiments, efforts to cross-foster apes through elevating them as human young ones, and the moral demanding situations posed through the good Ape venture. to boot, Ape investigates representations of apes in pop culture, rather motion pictures and advertisements within which apes are frequently portrayed as human caricatures, monsters, and clowns.

Containing approximately 100 illustrations of apes in nature and tradition, Ape will entice readers drawn to animal-human relationships and an individual curious to understand extra approximately our closest animal cousins, a lot of whom teeter near to extinction.

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N. (2000) Convergent inputs from thalamic motor nuclei and frontal cortical areas to the dorsal striatum in the primate. J. Neurosci. 20, 3798–3813. 36. , and Albe-fessard, D. (1973) Projections of medial thalamic nuclei to the putamen and frontal cerebral cortex in the cat. Brain Res. 61, 69–77. 37. Jinnai, K. and Matsuda, Y. (1979) Neurons of the motor cortex projecting commonly on the caudate nucleus and the lower brain stem in the cat. Neurosci. Lett. 26, 95–99. 38. Royce, G. J. (1983) Single thalamic neurons which project to both the rostral cortex and caudate nucleus studied with the fluorescent double labeling method.

The fibers that arise from the associative and limbic territories of the GPi are more widely spread than the afferents from the sensorimotor territory. Another major finding of this study was that pallidal fibers largely avoid cholinergic neurons in the pars compacta of the PPN (118). These anatomical data suggest that the pars diffusa of the Basal Ganglia Circuitry 31 Fig. 6. Schematic drawing showing the location of anterogradely labeled fibers in the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPN) after injections of anterograde tracers in the associative, sensorimotor, and limbic terr-itories of the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi).

28. Sadikot, A. , and Bolam, J. P. (1992) Efferent connections of the centromedian and parafascicular nuclei in the squirrel monkey: a light and electron microscopic study of the thalamostriatal projection in relation to striatal heterogeneity. J. Comp. Neurol. 320, 228–242. 29. Sidibé, M. and Smith, Y. (1996) Differential synaptic innervation of striatofugal neurons projecting to the internal or external segments of the globus pallidus by thalamic afferents in the squirrel monkey. J. Comp. Neurol.

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