New PDF release: Armed Groups in Cambodian Civil War: Territorial Control,

By Yuichi Kubota (auth.)

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Additional resources for Armed Groups in Cambodian Civil War: Territorial Control, Rivalry, and Recruitment

Example text

However, for civilians who live nearer to the government-controlled areas, the cost of joining the rebels increases, because the government can patrol in the areas. An individual’s willingness to join the rebel forces, consequently, is lowered near the government’s areas. The rate at which willingness to participate declines as the cost of participation increases varies. There are two differentiated types of declining rates for individuals who participate in armed forces. Individuals who are indifferent to siding with a particular group and sensitive to the risk of punishment by the rival group immediately lose their willingness to participate as the cost increases.

The committed and uncommitted), the forces will likely overestimate the size of each pool in designated areas and will continue to employ their mobilization strategies according to each type of recruit. Hypothesis 2: Involuntary recruitment is the major mobilization strategy of an armed group in an area under its control, beyond which voluntary recruitment becomes the focus. The degree of danger of being involved in a military activity shifts a combatant’s willingness to participate. Believed danger may increase when one faces the presence of opponent forces, the failure of an action, or unfavorable military reports.

Participant motivation may diminish when their priority changes. 61 To prevent their combatants from losing motivation, armed forces attempt to convince potential participants that their activities are justifiable, and thereby show their own participation to be self-rewarding. While incentives such as wages and loot or basic public services, including order and security, may win support from a broader population of apolitical civilians, identity appeals are more likely to arouse motivation in potential voluntary participants.

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