New PDF release: Beyond the Emergency: Development Within UN Peace Missions

By Jeremy Ginifer

This quantity makes a speciality of the difficulty of improvement in the UN peace venture. It examines a couple of severe concerns in terms of the interface among improvement, aid and peacekeeping, together with institutional coordination, the implementation of improvement within the box, and the contending philosophies that usually underpin army and developmental techniques to human defense. no longer least, it poses the query of ways sustainable improvement suits in the post-conflict house of UN peace missions.

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In Cambodia, for example, the provisions of the Paris Peace Accords were unclear as to the extent of UN authority during the implementation process. The Khmer Rouge argued that the UN had absolute authority and should render the SOC (State of Cambodia) simply one player among several. The SOC argued that the UN authority was in fact limited, and it resisted attempts by the UN to exert administrative control. Finally, in some situations the provisions of agreements may be crystal clear, but counterproductive to stable implementation.

26 Because UN representatives in the field are commonly called upon to clarify vague sections of agreements, or called upon to add crucial details to incomplete agreements, they feel that they must guard their impartiality and neutrality in order to fulfil their role as mediators. Secondly, the fact that an agreement can be deemed vague or incomplete makes it difficult to make a clear, compelling judgement about who is a spoiler in any given case. Incomplete Adherence to Agreements Even where civil wars were brought to an end, as in Namibia, Mozambique, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Zimbabwe, many of the provisions of the peace accords were left unfulfilled in order to muddle through to an election.

In contrast, developmentalists have tended to stress individualistic and social initiatives at the local or the regional level. This has led them to be particularly critical of the leadership of a number of missions, not least that of the Somalia mission. 20 Successes in building local structures – much of the work done by Somalis – was thrown into jeopardy by this approach, according to those working on the ground in development. Between May 1993 and February 1994, for example, 56 district councils and 40 councils had been provided with basic training, but: This promising bottom-up approach to rebuilding society was interrupted and held back when the UN leadership in Mogadishu...

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