Herbert Gottweis, Alan Petersen's Biobanks: Governance in Comparative Perspective PDF

By Herbert Gottweis, Alan Petersen

In fresh years, a few huge population-based biobanks – genetic databases that mix genetic info derived from blood samples with own info approximately atmosphere, clinical historical past, way of life or family tree – were organize for you to research the interface among illness, and genetic and environmental components. Unsurprisingly, those stories have sparked a great deal of controversy and the moral and social implications were generally debated.

Biobanks: Governance in Comparative Perspective is the 1st e-book to discover the political and governance implications of biobanks in Europe, the USA, Asia, and Australia. This publication explores:

  • the interrelated stipulations wanted for a biobank to be created and to exist
  • the upward push of the recent bio-economy
  • the redefinition of citizenship accompanying nationwide biobank developments

This groundbreaking publication makes transparent that biobanks are a phenomenon that can not be disconnected from issues of strength, politics, and the reshaping of present practices in governance. will probably be a worthwhile learn for students and scholars of genetics, bioethics, danger, public healthiness and the sociology of wellbeing and fitness and illness.

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Extra resources for Biobanks: Governance in Comparative Perspective

Sample text

But the ‘new biopolitics’ as we observe it emerging in the field of biobanks is not only about biological citizenship, the rise of biosocial actors and moments of self-guidance, and social reinvention through biology. One difficulty with Marshall’s concept of citizenship, however, is its ‘evolutionary tendency’, the idea of the unfolding of some sort of specific order following a specific logic. Thus, it is crucial to understand citizenship not as an essential concept but as a concept describing a loose conglomerate of spheres of action in which communities are developed that attribute certain ‘contestable’ rights and responsibilities to human beings (Plummer 2003: 56).

2004) New Medical Technologies and Society: Reordering Life. London: Polity Press Cambon-Thomsen, A. (2004) ‘The social and ethical issues of post-genomic human biobanks’, Nature Reviews Genetics, 5: 866–73. Crawford, R. (1984) ‘A cultural account of “health”: control, release, and the social body’, in J.

To create the HapMap, DNA will be taken from blood samples from Nigeria, Japan, China, and the United States with public funding from agencies scattered all over the globe, from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to Genome Canada in Ottawa, the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing to the US National Institutes of Health in Bethesda. In the field of biobanks, the structure is currently still dominated by a national branding, such as ‘Biobank Japan’ 32 Herbert Gottweis or ‘UK Biobank’; however, other projects such as the Icelandic and the Estonian biobank project already display strong transnational features in the financing structure and product development strategy.

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