By Kenneth Morgan
This ebook bargains the 1st specific exam for a few years of the transatlantic alternate and delivery of Bristol in the course of the eighteenth century. It compares the functionality of Bristol as a port in this interval with the expansion of different out ports, particularly Liverpool and Glasgow. Dr Morgan's research exhibits that absolutely the progress of Bristol's Atlantic exchange among 1700 and 1800 was once concomitant with the relative decline of Bristol as a port; the most purposes for this decline have been the shortcoming of development to port amenities, expanding specialisation one of the Bristol service provider group, the impression of struggle on exchange, and some of the best enterprise acumen within the tobacco and slave trades manifested by means of Glasgow and Liverpool retailers respectively. Bristol and the Atlantic exchange relies on a good number of fundamental resources within the British Isles, america, the West Indies, Australia and continental Europe.
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Extra resources for Bristol and the Atlantic Trade in the Eighteenth Century
58 Nevertheless, the general recovery of Bristol's transatlantic shipping in the late 1740s and early 1750s slowed down with the coming of the Seven Years War. 62 They also turned, once again, to privateering. Their record was successful. Bristol fitted out more commissioned vessels (253 in all) and claimed more prize condemnations (81) than any other British outport during the war. Of all eighteenth-century conflicts, the Seven Years War 57 58 59 60 61 62 William Barrett, The History and Antiquities of the City of Bristol (Bristol, 1789; facs.
For Bristol's imports from South Carolina see Converse D. Clowse, Measuring Charleston's Overseas Commerce, 1717-1767: Statistics from the Port's Naval Lists (Washington, DC, 1981), tables B-22, B-26 and C-54, pp. 59, 63,134, and Kenneth Morgan, 'The Organization of the Colonial American Rice Trade' (Paper presented to the Organization of American Historians' Conference, Washington, DC, 1990). LMjfEiUuC '"Charleston /Savannah * k Ber miula Tortofa £ustattus *:. • Barbados drenaaa ,* Map 2 Bristol's major Atlantic markets in the eighteenth century Atlantic trade and the port of Bristol 13 performance of rival west-coast outports.
76 Edmund Burke, one of the two MPs for Bristol, realised the significance of this decision. 77 Bristol merchants in fact paid a heavy price, for the American War of Independence seriously disrupted the patterns of imperial commerce. 8 per cent drop to the lowest level of trade since the War of the Austrian Succession. The closure of North American markets to British shipping was a particularly hard blow. , 3 Dec. 1774, 6 Jan. 1775, John Smith & Sons Letterbook (1774-86), and various letters from Richard Champion to Willing & Morris of Philadelphia in George H.