Download PDF by Wen Hua: Buying Beauty: Cosmetic Surgery in China

By Wen Hua

Cosmetic surgical procedure in China has grown speedily lately of dramatic social transition. dealing with fierce festival in all spheres of lifestyle, progressively more girls reflect on plastic surgery as an funding to achieve "beauty capital" to extend possibilities for social and profession success.

Building on wealthy ethnographic info, this booklet offers the views of girls who've passed through plastic surgery, illuminating the aspirations at the back of their offerings. Wen Hua explores how turbulent monetary, sociocultural, and political alterations in China because the Nineteen Eighties have produced large nervousness that's skilled either mentally and corporeally. This e-book will attract readers who're drawn to gender reviews, China reports, anthropology and sociology of the physique, and cultural studies.

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Zhang Disheng’s review on the emergence of cosmetic surgery in China sheds light on this subject: The traditional feudal ideas that “men are superior to women” or “women are inferior to men” prevailed in the presentation of female beauty in the past. For example, in the Qing dynasty, girls started binding their feet at a very young age in order to have small feet when they grew up. 1 Under this aesthetic custom, girls with large feet found it hard to get married. In addition, Chinese women also practiced wrapping their breasts tightly to make them smaller, which was harmful to the normal development of their breasts.

For example, unlike the view of today, The Cultural History of Plastic Surgery in China 31 which favors large eyes and double eyelids, traditional images of female beauty in Chinese literature and paintings always showed long, thin, almond-shaped eyes with single-fold eyelids. With regard to the breasts, although the obsession with large breasts is common today, this was not traditionally the case in China; rather, small breasts, as a sign of elegance, modesty and good manners, were highly appreciated in traditional Chinese ideas of female beauty, and traditional Chinese women wrapped their breasts tightly to make them smaller.

1. In Chinese, bu means step and jinlian literally means golden lotus, which is a metaphor for a small bound foot. The Chinese use the phrase “sancun jinlian” to refer to a lotus-like foot only three inches (ten centimeters) long. 32 Buying Beauty Under this circumstance, in the 1930s, some fine arts schools started to teach students to draw nude women. The way to achieve a beautiful face and body figure through surgery also emerged in the 1930s in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai. Shanghai in particular was the earliest cradle [of cosmetic surgery in China].

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