By John L Roberts
Extended family, King and Covenant explores the turbulent historical past of the Highlands in the course of the 17th century. The signing of the nationwide Covenant in 1638 first challenged the powers of Charles I in Scotland, however it used to be merely whilst Alisdair MacDonald joined Montrose in elevating the Royalist clans that the rustic erupted into civil conflict. crucial to the clash used to be the traditional enmity among the MacDonalds and the Campbells, Earls of Argyll, as extended family Donald tried to reclaim their ancestral lands in Argyll. There a whirlwind yr of superb victories for Montrose within the identify of the King because the Highland clans emerged upon the nationwide level, sooner than his crusade subsided into eventual defeat. but it used to be in simple terms after the recovery of Charles II sour and persistent fight broke out among Church and Crown, after Bishops have been reappointed to the nationwide Church. Political and non secular tensions fixed with the acession of James VII of Scotland (James II of britain) as a Catholic
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Additional resources for Clan, King and Covenant: History of the Highland Clans from the Civil War to the Glencoe Massacre
Involving a threepronged attack on Scotland, it never looked likely to succeed. 5,000 men were first to land at Aberdeen to join the Marquis of Huntly, who would then march south after securing the north-east. However, the royal fleet of nineteen ships under the command of the third Marquis of Hamilton never sailed farther north than the Firth of Forth, and his ill-trained forces never attempted to land upon its shores. Indeed, any such landing would have been opposed in strength by an army of 20,000 Covenanters, and not least by Hamilton’s own mother, herself a staunch Covenanter, who vowed to shoot her wayward son should he land.
Accession of Charles I Ascending the throne as a young man of twenty-five years, Charles I knew nothing of Scotland, which he had left for England with his father in 1603. Moreover, he lacked his father’s personable qualities. He was described as cold and withdrawn, prudish and fastidious, shifty and devious, and given to secrecy, quite unlike James VI. Believing that deeds spoke louder than words, Charles I felt he had no need to explain his actions. Neither were they tempered in any way by political expediency, which James VI had pursued with great skill throughout his life.
It was hardly a good augury for the Royalist cause. Charles I now prepared for a renewed offensive against the Covenanters. However, the lack of money to pay his army now forced him to recall what became known as the ‘Short Parliament’ at Westminster, which only lasted from 13 April to 5 May 1640. It refused to vote to allow the King to raise any taxes for waging war against Scotland unless its own grievances were first settled in England. It thus fatally undermined the plans of Charles I to invade Scotland.