By Sumantra Bose
The quest for sturdy peace in lands torn by means of ethno-national clash is one of the such a lot pressing problems with overseas politics. having a look heavily at 5 flashpoints of local problem, Sumantra Bose asks the query upon which our international destiny may possibly rely: how can peace be made, and saved, among warring teams with doubtless incompatible claims? worldwide in scope and implications yet neighborhood in concentration and technique, Contested Lands significantly examines the hot or present peace strategies in Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka for a solution. Israelis and Palestinians, Turkish and Greek Cypriots, Bosnia's Muslims, Serbs, and Croats, Sinhalese and Tamil Sri Lankans, and pro-independence, pro-Pakistan, and pro-India Kashmiris percentage homelands scarred by means of clashing aspirations and conflict. Bose explains why those lands grew to become zones of zero-sum clash and boldly tackles the query of the way sturdy peace may be completed. The instances yield very important basic insights in regards to the merits of territorial self-rule, cross-border linkages, local cooperation, and third-party involvement, and the dangers of a intentionally slow ("incremental") technique of peace-building. wealthy in narrative and incisive in research, this publication takes us deep into the heartlands of conflict--Jerusalem, Kashmir's Line of regulate, the divided towns of Mostar in Bosnia and Nicosia in Cyprus, Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula. Contested Lands illuminates how continual disagreement can yield to compromise and coexistence within the world's so much afflicted regions--and what the USA can do to aid. (20071208)
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Additional info for Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka
The war resumed in April 1995 with a seaborne LTTE suicide attack on the government’s major naval base on the east coast, near the port of Trincomalee. The government retaliated with land and air attacks on the Tiger-held Jaffna Peninsula. The main casualties were civilians—for example, 120 Tamil men, women, and children sheltering in a church on the Jaffna Peninsula died in a bombing raid by an air force jet. In November 1995, after several failed attempts the government ﬁnally succeeded in retaking the peninsula and driving the Tigers out to their strongholds on the northern mainland, parts of which are heavily forested.
28 In November 2002 a major donor conference was held in Oslo to gather aid pledges for postwar reconstruction needs. A donor consortium was established with the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Norway as cochairs. Belying these early signs of tangible progress, the peace process remains deadlocked and in suspended animation three years later. The historical patterns of intra-Sinhalese and Sinhalese-Tamil political differences over the past ﬁfty years have proved tenacious and Sri Lanka 45 cast a deep shadow over the prospects of Sri Lanka’s transition from war to peace.
The collateral casualty was democratic stability, and the cost was one of the most protracted and bloody civil wars of recent decades. The Forging of Peace The Tamil Tigers divide the history of their armed struggle for independence into three phases: Eelam War I (1983–1987), Eelam War II (1990–1994) and Eelam War III (1995–2002). In 1987 and 1994, there were abortive attempts to terminate the armed conﬂict and ﬁnd a political settlement. Both attempts were fundamentally ﬂawed, and after their failure violence escalated dramatically.