By Caroline A. Hartzell
The contemporary efforts to arrive a cost of the long-lasting and tragic clash in Darfur display how vital it truly is to appreciate what elements give a contribution such a lot to the luck of such efforts. during this booklet, Caroline Hartzell and Matthew Hoddie evaluate info from all negotiated civil struggle settlements among 1945 and 1999 in an effort to establish those factors.
What they locate is that settlements usually tend to produce a permanent peace in the event that they contain building of a variety of power-sharing and power-dividing preparations among former adversaries. The most powerful negotiated settlements turn out to be these within which former competitors comply with proportion or divide kingdom energy throughout its monetary, army, political, and territorial dimensions.
This discovering is an important addition to the prevailing literature, which has a tendency to concentration extra at the function that 3rd events play in mediating and implementing agreements. past the quantitative analyses, the authors contain a bankruptcy evaluating contrasting circumstances of profitable and unsuccessful settlements within the Philippines and Angola, respectively.
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Extra resources for Crafting Peace: Power-Sharing Institutions and the Negotiated Settlement of Civil Wars
A second reason that the inclusion of multiple dimensions of power sharing in a negotiated civil war settlement proves beneficial to the prospects of long-term peace is that it serves as a source of protection against the failure to implement any single power-sharing provision of the settlement. Signatories to an agreement are likely to recognize that some provisions of a peace agreement may not be implemented in the often challenging and divisive transition from war to peace. By specifying multiple power-sharing dimensions in the settlement, the failure of any one power-sharing aspect may not necessarily result in groups becoming permanently marginalized or unable to provide for their own security.
Fearing that the state’s powers may be abrogated by some party that will use them to secure its survival and well-being at the expense of other groups, opponents may find negotiating an end to a civil war impossible. How can adversaries overcome this dilemma? We argue that this can best be accomplished by reconstituting state authority through the creation of government institutions that balance power among contending groups or at least prevent any one party from accumulating sufficient power to exercise central authority on its own.
Although third-party assistance may lend greater credibility to the peace process, such assistance does not mitigate adversaries’ security concerns in isolation. Antagonists are well aware that these measures, which entail relying on outsiders, are beyond their control and may fail. , Angola’s failed 1991 Bicesse Accords) or whether the third-party guarantors’ commitments are really 10. See, for example, Hampson 1990, Stedman 1996, and Walter 2002. , the collapsed 1979 Transitional Government of National Unity settlement in Chad).