By Marc Howard Ross
Ethnic clash frequently specializes in culturally charged symbols and rituals that evoke powerful feelings from both sides. Marc Howard Ross examines battles over diversified cultural expressions, together with Islamic headscarves in France, parades in Northern eire, holy websites in Jerusalem and accomplice flags within the American South to suggest a psychocultural framework for realizing ethnic clash, in addition to boundaries to, and possibilities for, its mitigation. His research explores how tradition frames pursuits, buildings demand-making and shapes how rivals can locate universal flooring to provide confident results to long term disputes. He specializes in contributors' money owed of clash to spot emotionally major concerns, and the ability of cultural expressions to hyperlink members to greater identities and form motion. Ross indicates that, opposite to renowned trust, tradition doesn't unavoidably exacerbate clash; really, the developed nature of psychocultural narratives can facilitate winning clash mitigation in the course of the improvement of extra inclusive narratives and identities.
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Extra info for Cultural contestation in ethnic conflict
Identity involves the capacity to distinguish between people who are like oneself and those who are different in specific settings; and depending on the context the same people may be variously classified as alike or different as people manage multiple identities. , Kaplan 1993). Why is it that social scientists are so ready to be, at least partial, constructivists, while popular conceptions are primordialist? Probably this gap between social scientific formulations about social identity and popular images tells us a lot that is useful about how people understand the social world, about our powerful need to see social categories as ‘‘real’’ and stable, and about the threats posed to individual identity by a constructivist view of the social universe.
Third, because cultural conflicts are 16 Introduction constructed they can also be reframed and reconstructed in directions that facilitate deescalation and settlement. Cultural understandings can, and do, change, over time. In some cases, culturally defined conflicts that seem completely intransigent at one point in time are redefined in more inclusive terms as part of a constructive conflict management process. As compelling dramas, cultural conflicts reveal powerful competing accounts of the issues at stake to the parties themselves, to potential dispute settlement specialists, and to scholars.
In contrast, reactions to the accommodation between Catalan nationalism and the Spanish state are sometimes explained in a different way – as examples of the pragmatism and rationality of the Catalans and the reasonableness of the post-Franco Spanish state. Simply to accept this explanation is also a mistake for there was no inevitability to the outcome that was reached; many contemporary observers expected considerable disarray and violence. Despite a reputation for reasonableness, Catalan resistance to the Spanish state has sometimes been strong, and the violence in Barcelona around social issues in the nineteenth and early in the twentieth centuries has been far from simply pragmatic on many occasions.