By Ruben Zaiotti
Lately, a couple of eu nations abolished nationwide border controls in desire of Europe’s exterior frontiers. In doing so, they challenged customary conceptions of sovereignty, territoriality, and defense in international affairs. Setting forth a brand new analytic framework educated through constructivism and pragmatism, Ruben Zaiotti strains the transformation of underlying assumptions and cultural practices guiding eu policymakers and postnational Europe, laying off gentle on present traits characterizing its politics and kin with others. The e-book additionally encompasses a attention-grabbing comparability to advancements in North the United States, the place the USA has pursued extra restrictive border keep watch over ideas given that Sep 11. As a huge survey of the origins, evolution, and implications of this striking improvement in eu integration, Cultures of Border keep watch over could be of curiosity to scholars and students of diplomacy and political geography.
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Additional resources for Cultures of Border Control: Schengen and the Evolution of European Frontiers
This “irritation” encourages members of the community to question a culture’s relevance and effectiveness. It also motivates them to search for new approaches to address the unsolved problems. When an existing culture becomes so “unsettled” (Swidler 1986: 278), the conditions for change become ripe. 16. The concept of “discomfort” is evaluated in terms of the degree of dissonance (a feeling of consistency or inconsistency between two or more cognitions). On the concept of “dissonance” in cognitive psychology, see Festinger 1957; Cooper and Fazio 1984.
Extrapolating from some of the trends characterizing the treatment of border control in the region in the last fifty years, I have reconstructed three typologies of cultures of border control that I deem representative of the European case. ” The use of these geographical terms is meant to be evocative of the features of each culture. Westphalia and Schengen are historical locations where key agreements having implications for borders were signed (the 1648 Treaty of Westphalia and the 1985 Schengen Agreement, respectively).
Moreover, membership in a community is not necessarily exclusive. As cultures overlap or are nested, so are the communities that represent them. Members of the border control community can thus belong to several communities at the same time, and “move” from one to the other according to the circumstances. Cultures of Border Control in Europe: A Typology The content and structure of a particular culture of border control, and of the policy community sustaining it, vary according to the particular geographical and historical circumstances.