Download PDF by Richard Barltrop: Darfur and the International Community: The Challenges of

By Richard Barltrop

The Darfur clash has offered the overseas neighborhood with a few demanding situations. How can the combating be stopped in Darfur? What will be performed to avoid wasting lives and aid the 2 million humans displaced via the clash? and the way to aid result in peace, whereas making sure that the peace contract for the second one Sudanese Civil struggle (1983 - 2005) is applied? Drawing on unique examine, and tracing the background of overseas responses to the conflicts in Sudan, Richard Barltrop investigates what has made up our minds the results of overseas mediation and aid in Sudan. within the strategy, he exhibits that Darfur has to be visible in the wider context of clash in Sudan, and that classes might be drawn either for Sudan and for the powerful perform of clash solution.

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Sample text

As well as support from Ethiopia, between 1983 and 1985 the SPLA received large quantities of arms from Libya, thanks to the hostility of the Libyan leader, Colonel Qadhafi, to Nimeiri. To counterbalance this, Nimeiri looked to Egypt and the USA for military assistance, which they provided with dwindling enthusiasm. After the overthrow of Nimeiri in 1985, Libya promptly terminated its support to the SPLA and began to supply arms to the Sudanese government, which it continued to do when the TMC handed over power to the government of Sadiq in 1986.

By itself the declaration was not enough to bring about successful peace talks, but over the following two years two challenges to Nimeiri’s rule – a revolt by the Ansar sect in 1970, and a communist-backed coup attempt in 1971 (led by former members of Nimeiri’s cabinet) – increased his need to find domestic allies. At the same time, at the start of 1971 Joseph Lagu and other southern Anyanya leaders formed a new anti-government front, the Southern Sudan Liberation Front – which was later renamed the Southern Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM) – and demanded that the government recognise it as an equal negotiating partner.

Meanwhile domestic politics in this period revolved around the successive changes of government, from Nimeiri to the TMC and to Sadiq, and the frequent changes in the coalition of parties which made up Sadiq’s government from 1986 to 1989. The degree to which the war impinged on politics was limited. In the first two years of the war, neither the government nor the SPLM/A showed any interest in negotiating an end to the war. Nimeiri believed that the SPLA could be defeated, and the SPLA appeared to believe that it could achieve a rapid victory.

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