By Simone Browne
In Dark Matters Simone Browne locates the stipulations of blackness as a key web site during which surveillance is practiced, narrated, and resisted. She indicates how modern surveillance applied sciences and practices are expert by means of the lengthy historical past of racial formation and through the equipment of policing black lifestyles less than slavery, akin to branding, runaway slave notices, and lantern legislation.
Placing surveillance experiences into dialog with the archive of transatlantic slavery and its afterlife, Browne attracts from black feminist idea, sociology, and cultural reports to research texts as diversified because the equipment of surveilling blackness she discusses: from the layout of the eighteenth-century slave send Brooks, Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon, and The ebook of Negroes, to modern paintings, literature, biometrics, and post-9/11 airport protection practices.
Surveillance, Browne asserts, is either a discursive and fabric perform that reifies limitations, borders, and our bodies round racial strains, lots in order that the surveillance of blackness has lengthy been, and is still, a social and political norm.
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Publisher: Springer; 1st variation (February 22, 2012)
Printed e-book Dimensions: 6. 1 x zero. eight x nine. 2 inches
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Extra resources for Dark Matters: On the Surveillance of Blackness
I begin with a discussion of branding during transatlantic slavery as a marking, making, and marketing of blackness as commodity. Branding was a measure of slavery, an act of making the body legible as property that was put to work in the production of the slave as object that could be bought, sold, and traded. 71 Through Frantz Fanon’s concept of epidermalization—that being the imposition of race on the body—I trace and provide a genealogy of modern, digital epidermalization by focusing on branding and the role of prototypical whiteness in the development of contemporary biometric information technology.
Seeing without Being Seen: The Plan of the Panopticon The Panopticon was conceived by Jeremy Bentham in 1786 and then amended and produced diagrammatically in 1791 with the assistance of English architect Willey Reveley. Bentham first came upon the idea through his brother Samuel, an engineer and naval architect who had envisioned the Panopticon as a model for workforce supervision. Pan, in Greek mythology, is the god of shepherds and flocks, the name derived from paien, meaning “pasture” and hinting at the root word of “pastoral,” and in this way the prefix pan- gestures to pastoral power.
Byck attempted to hijack Delta Airlines Flight 523 out of Baltimore-Washington International Airport with the expressed intent to assassinate President Nixon by weaponizing the plane and crashing it into the White House. Byck killed two people during his failed attempt, including the plane’s copilot. Byck died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound during a standoff with police. Delta Flight 523 never left the runway that day. S. air travel as having a much earlier history than those measures taken and performances undergone after the tragic attacks by weaponized aircraft in New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11, 2001.